The city was founded in the Neolithic Age, circa 6000 BC. According to myth, the city was founded by
Corinthos, a descendant of the god Helios (the Sun), while other myths suggest that it was
founded by the goddess Ephyra, a daughter of the titan Oceanus, thus the ancient name of the city (also Ephyra). There is evidence that the city
was destroyed around 2000 BC.
Before the end of the Mycenaean
period the Dorians attempted to settle
in Corinth. While at first they failed, their second attempt was successful when
their leader Aletes followed a different
path around the Corinthian Gulf from Antirio.
Some ancient names for the place, such as Korinthos, derive from a
pre-Greek, "Pelasgian" language;
it seems likely that Corinth was also the site of a Bronze Age Mycenaean palace-city, like Mycenae, Tiryns or Pylos. According to myth, Sisyphus was the founder of a race of ancient kings at
Corinth. It was also in Corinth that Jason, the leader of the Argonauts, abandoned Medea. During the Trojan War Corinthians participated under the
leadership of Agamemnon.